Either wiring standard will work, but you probably want the cable wired straight-through. You may need a crossover (one side T568A and the other T568B) under certain circumstances. This is the TIA/EIA 568 wiring (for both A and B): The bottom line is that your cable cannot be used for a network cable. Every connection in your network needs to support the 1 Gb speed and in some cases, the connection will need to be told in software to use the available speed. Category 5 cable was revised, and mostly replaced with, Category 5 Enhanced ( Cat-5e ) cable which did not change anything physically in the cable, but instead applied more stringent. Your wireless network is an important part of your network infrastructure. Make sure you are thinking to the future as you expand and grow. For more, check out previous Working Without Wires columns. A WiFi Network is a wireless (no wires) network that connects to your Internet router and wireless-enabled devices (such as laptops, smartphones and printers) in your home using a wireless radio signal.
If your house is wired with 4 or 8 conductor phone line, you can probably use it..
It won't be pure gigabit, but you may be surprised at how effective it CAN be. Wireless interference, saturated RF bands, and even building framing can be a drag on using wifi at home.
Powerline adapters are available but can be intermittent for various reasons. They can be expensive, AND can be difficult to sync up if one end is on Phase1 and the other is on Phase2, or there are other noisy devices on the same circuit..
If you can't run new network cabling (pain in the ass, or you rent, or..) either..
So if you CAN, why not TRY the wires?
9 Steps total
Step 1: Examine the wiring
If you have 8 or 4 conductor wiring you can repurpose it for a home network. Look carefully. In the pic to the right notice the brown and green pairs are cut way back.
If the wiring is all point-to-point from the demarcation box (where the phone company connects outside lines) then you're really in luck.
If it's daisy-chained, that is connected from the demarc to room1, then from the same jack it goes on to room2, you CAN use it for either 1 or 2 network drops, but you'll be limited by the number of wires.
Step 2: ID the demarcation point
For me it was outside near the power meter.
Step 3: Take over the demarcation
The phone company's line comes to a demarcation point on your house or building. If you are a condo or apartment dweller, this CAN be done still, but takes some extra work.
Find the demarc, and disconnect the inside wiring. Leave the phone company's wire alone. Not needed.
I chose to cut a small hole in the garage, behind the demarc, and pull the ends of all the inside wires into the garage.
Pic shows the work in progress for a neighbor.
Step 4: 4 conductor, point to point:
For straight through connectors (I prefer 568B, so will use that here):
Both ends connected thus:
Pins 1, 2, 3, and 6
If your 4-conductor wiring is Yellow, Green, Red, Black, you can still use it, just ensure to use the same colors on both ends, still only using pins 1,2,3, and 6.
Step 5: 4 conductor, daisy-chained.
You can only go from the phone demarcation point, to ONE point on the chain. Sorry. Pick the point on the chain, connect the wiring up as in step 2 at that point, and DISCONNECT the rest of the that chain.
Step 6: 8 conductor, point to point
Connect as normal UTP. If the colors don't match up to the 568A/B scheme, then annotate such and just use the same colors at both ends.
This is not regular CAT-5 wiring. So if you are not going to use jacks and just use RJ-45, if the connectors feel loose, crimp tighter, pack the back of the plug with silicone adhesive, wrap the connector with tape, etc. Whatever you have to do.
Step 7: 8 conductor, daisy-chained
Unlike Step 3, you get TWO jacks from each chain.
Pick 4 conductors for each jack, separate them out at the demarcation point. Let's call them W1 and W2.
Dell monitors driver download for windows 10 windows 7. At the first jack location you choose along the chain, connect the wires for W1, and DISCONNECT those same wires from the rest of the chain.
Repeat at the 2nd jack, but use the wires for W2.
At all other phone jacks on that chain, there should be no wires connected.
Step 8: TEST
Save yourself a headache and test each jack as you wire it up.
If you don't have a tester you can use, put a switch at the demarcation point, and connect a laptop/PC at the other end of the wire. Lights tell a good story.
Step 9: Enjoy
Cheap and easy way to get network wiring in your house or apartment.
This is TOTALLY REVERSIBLE. Just document your connections BEFORE you change anything. Then put RJ-11 jacks back on (if they are there to begin with!) and reconnect your lines to the demarcation point.
If you have performance issues, look to your connectors first, then your wiring, THEN to interference points (motors, AC units, lights, etc.)
I'm cheap, and love to re-use old $%it when I can. If I can get decent enough network performance for the house via what's already there..
For This Old House, I'm.. nah, too easy.
- DatilSnifferSir Oct 23, 2012 at 07:47pm
Step 6: 'This is not regular CAT-5 wiring..'
That's because it's likely CAT-3 cabling - which is not technically rated for data, at least the normal/fast speeds However, I have seen it work.
Definitely a way to get it done 'on the cheap' if rewiring is not an option. If doing this to rental property, it would be wise to check with the owner prior to making any changes, as the owner is ultimately responsible for any wiring within the structure up to the demarc.
- Ghost ChiliNick42 Oct 23, 2012 at 08:30pm
I know it's CAT-3. My point was not to expect proper fit or performance, like with network cabling. :)
But.. speaking of rentals, I see that I left that comment out. Thanks for the catch! Editing now...
- HabaneroDashrender Nov 1, 2012 at 08:34pm
This is a great write up, but considering the amount of work involved, it might be easier (and potentially better/faster network wise) to use Ethernet over Power (EoP). These devices can be purchased from Best Buy or online for $90 or less and in most cases are plug and go.
- HabaneroPSX_Defector Nov 1, 2012 at 08:44pm
One problem with the use of straight strand, which is not CAT3, is no twists in the lines. This wouldn't even be rated for any data.
Not to mention if there are any scotchlocks on the line between the DEMARC and the drop. Don't expect to run anything other than basic web over these loops. No Netflix.
- JalapenoC.Michaels.IT Nov 1, 2012 at 08:46pm
1000 feet of Cat5e can be had for under $100 now, so I rather use the existing wiring as a 'pull-cord' for new wiring, but I enjoyed the write-up!
- Ghost ChiliNick42 Nov 1, 2012 at 08:49pm
Guys, you're missing the point... it's a 'can we do it' project, NOT a replacement for CAT-5. We did it initially because we could not run new wire, and power-line networking wasn't working right/expensive. And 'can we pull this off' always trumps reason when trying things out..
Of course it's not RATED for data. But in at least 5 buildings so far, it's worked for almost every drop.
For PSX, just a heads up that I've got 600Mbps throughput on the port that has the AppleTV, Roku, and Minecraft server. We watch TV on it all the time.
AGAIN folks, this is a personal project, not a recommendation to wire up a business! Sheesh..
Total cost of for 12 working drops, with leftover jacks and plugs, was $96.
$16 for wall plates, $60 for keystone jacks, and $20 for a sack of RJ-45 plugs.
- Ghost ChiliNick42 Nov 1, 2012 at 08:52pm
C.Michaels , yeah for one room at the old house we were able to do just that. The room was over the garage and the phone lines were not secured (go figure), so we pulled two proper drops up that way!
- CayennePickle Nov 1, 2012 at 09:57pm
Very nice write up! Even if you don't use or need it it's a cool DIY project.
- SerranoTehTDK Nov 2, 2012 at 03:00am
Nice write up. But I suspect doing this voids your landline connection correct?
- TabascoMJB969 Jan 3, 2013 at 12:12am
Somewhere, I still have several boxes of devices for phone line networking. I think they're Netgear. Been thinking I should just get rid of them, as I haven't used them in almost 10 years.
- ChipotleMJReno Feb 17, 2013 at 02:38am
Cool. Thanks for sharing
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